The Depository Participant (DP) is the link between the investor, the company and CDSC and provides the following services:
To utilise the services offered by a depository, any person having investment in any security or intending to invest in securities needs to have a demat account with a CDSCL-DP. The holder of such demat account is called as "Beneficial Owner (BO)". A BO can maintain a demat account with zero balance in such account. A BO can open more than one account with the same or multiple DPs, in the same name/s and order, if he/she desires so. The investor can approach any DP/s of his/her choice to open a demat account.
Dematerialisation is a process by which physical certificates (of shares / debentures / other securities) are converted into electronic balances. A BO has to submit the request for dematerialisation by submitting the demat request form (DRF) duly completed along with the concerned physical certificates, to his/her DP.
To settle trades done on a stock exchange (on-market trades) and trades,BOs submit duly completed delivery instructions in the prescribed form to DP. For receipt of securities into his/her account, a BO can give one time "standing instruction" to DP. Once such a standing instruction is given to the DP, there is no need to submit separate instructions for receipt every time the investor buys securities.
Generally a DP sends to the BO, a statement of his account, if required by BO, if there is any transaction in the account. The balances and transactions can also be viewed by the BOs through CDSC web based facility ‘Mero Share’.
Rematerialisation is the process by which the electronic balances held in the demat account can be converted back into physical certificates.
If the BO decides to pledge any securities in his BO account, he can avail of the same by submitting the pledge creation form duly completed, to his DP.
CDSC offers a facility for transmission of balances held in BO account/s (to other BO account/s) if so required due to death, lunacy, bankruptcy, insolvency or required due to operation of any law.
A BO who wishes to register his change in address submits his/her request in writing to his/her DP. The changes entered by the DP in the CDSC system will be automatically downloaded to all the companies in which the BO is holding securities. This facility offered by CDSC saves money, time and effort for the BO.
SEBON has made it mandatory for companies to print details of bank account of the BO on dividend/interest warrants etc. to prevent possibilities of misuse of the warrants. All BOs should submit a request in writing to the DP if they wish to record / change their bank account details.